By Rachel Nordlinger, Felicity Meakins
This quantity is a grammatical description of Bilinarra, an endangered Australian language. This paintings attracts on fabrics gathered over a 20-year interval from the final first-language audio system of the language, such a lot of whom have considering the fact that gave up the ghost. distinct cognizance is paid to all features of the grammar, with all examples supplied with linked sound documents.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Bilinarra: An Australian Aboriginal Language of the Northern Territory
4. g. 2). Inﬂecting verbs belong to a closed class of verbs which are grammatically obligatory in the verb complex. Twenty-three verbs have been documented for Bilinarra, though it is possible that around 30 existed given that 31 exist in Gurindji, which is a healthier and better documented language (McConvell 1996b). Inﬂecting verbs encode basic meanings such as motion and transfer (‘go’, ‘fall’, ‘take’, ‘give’, ‘get’), manipulation (‘put’, ‘throw’), impact (‘hit’, ‘strike’, ‘bite’, ‘pierce’), perception (‘hear’, ‘see’), as well as other general meanings; for example, ‘cook’, ‘talk’, and a copular, ‘be’.
The recordings Recording metadata xxxi were funded by the Jaminjungan and Eastern Ngumpin DoBeS project. The recordings mostly consist of sentence elicitation. FM08_a086 is a re-transcribed story told by Ivy Kulngari originally told in 2001. This story is provided in the appendix as Text 6. Excerpts of the recordings are provided throughout the grammar. The full audio recordings and transcripts (CLAN formatted) are archived with the DoBeS Jaminjungan and Eastern Ngumpin project. Metadata associated with these ﬁles is publicly available and recordings can be accessed with permission.
The spirits of the children remain in the rocks and call out for new mothers in the night, and Bilinarra women go there in order to get pregnant. Rocks from this place have also been brought to the community. Other sites were important for the annual production of food in pre-contact times. Nawurndarni, a billabong on the Victoria River, is a Mindaarraj Dreaming. Leaves were traditionally brushed over a hole in the rocks here to help mindaarraj ‘water lilies’ grow. The Bilinarra, particularly women, also spent a great deal of time caring for children within a traditional framework of belief about life and its creation.