By Alton Meister

Advances in Enzymology and comparable parts of Molecular Biology is a seminal sequence within the box of biochemistry, supplying researchers entry to authoritative stories of the most recent discoveries in all components of enzymology and molecular biology. those landmark volumes date again to 1941, delivering an unequalled view of the ancient improvement of enzymology. The sequence bargains researchers the newest figuring out of enzymes, their mechanisms, reactions and evolution, roles in advanced organic strategy, and their software in either the laboratory and undefined. each one quantity within the sequence good points contributions by means of prime pioneers and investigators within the box from world wide. All articles are rigorously edited to make sure thoroughness, caliber, and clarity.

With its wide selection of themes and lengthy old pedigree, Advances in Enzymology and similar components of Molecular Biology can be utilized not just via scholars and researchers in molecular biology, biochemistry, and enzymology, but additionally by way of any scientist drawn to the invention of an enzyme, its houses, and its applications.

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Sci. U S . , 60, 368372 (1968). 43. , and Chan, W. , J. Am. Chem. ,89, 3892-3898 (1967). 44. Pal, B. , and Schmidt, D. , J. Am. Chem. , 99, 1973-1974 (1977). 45. Giinther, W. H. , and Mautner, H. ,J. Am. Chem. ,87, 2708-2716 (1965). 46. , 2033-2036 (1976). 47. Giinther, W. H. , and Mautner, H. , cited as personal communication on p. 753 of reference 38. 48. Mautner, H. , and Giinther, W. H. , Biochem. Biophys. Acta, 36, 561-563 (1 959). 49. , Biochem. Biophys. Res. , 73, 773-778 (1976). 50. , and Coper H.

Concluding Remarks References 82 83 83 84 85 85 I. Introduction Glycosidases (also termed carbohydrases) me enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of glycosidic bonds in simple glycosides, oligosaccharides and, polysaccharides, as well as in complex carbohydrates such as glycoproteins and glycolipids, with the liberation of monosaccharides or oligosaccharides of lower molecular weight than the original substrate. They are broadly classified as exoglycosidases,which act on glycosidic linkages at the nonreducing end of saccharide chains, and endoglycosidases, which act on glycosidic linkages within saccharide chains.

Some glycosidases have been further purified by preparative gel electrophoresis andor isoelectric focusing. A complication is inherent here in that apparently the multiple bands revealed in many cases utilizing these techniques are not always due to enzymatically inactive impurities. In fact, many glycosidases, especially those from lysosomal sources, occur as isozymes with slight differences in charge resulting from amino acid replacements or with differences in carbohydrate moieties in those enzymes that are glycoproteins.

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